SysV, SystemD and UpStArt

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SysV is a framework for scheduling tasks to start at boot time. It is beeing successed by systemd and upstart. This affects how services are started and stopped. With systemd you start a service like

/etc/init.d/ntp start

With SystemD you do it with

systemctl start ntp
what you want to do how you do it with SysV how you do it with SystemD
start service foo /etc/init.d/foo start systemctl start foo
stop service foo /etc/init.d/foo stop systemctl stop foo
find out if service foo is running /etc/init.d/foo status systemctl status foo
schedule service foo to start on boot chkconfig foo on chkconfig foo on
change "runlevel" to multi-user init 2 systemctl isolate


SystemD cannot only manage services, but also targets. Targets are sets of services. They differ from runlevels in that multiple of them can be active:

# systemctl list-units --type target | cat
UNIT                 LOAD   ACTIVE SUB    JOB DESCRIPTION         loaded active active     Basic System    loaded active active     Encrypted Volumes         loaded active active     Login Prompts