From Linuxintro

ls is a command that list files in a given directory. If no directory is given, it lists the files in the current working directory:

tweedleburg:~/svn/kdepim # ls
.emacs-dirvars       README.Kolab           kdgantt1           ktimetracker
.kateconfig          akonadi                kitchensync        lib

How to...

only list directories

ls -d */

Sort by date

List with the latest changed files below:

ls -ltr

find out the free disk space

You do not use ls, but df:

df -h

tells you how much disk space is left.

find out the size of a directory

You do not use ls, but du:

du -sh directory

See also