Gdb

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gdb is a command that allows you to debug Linux programs.

Contents

Notable functions

info functions
finish
break
run 
continue

Example

Allow starting vlc as root

Main article: run vlc as root.

vlc always exits when I call it as root. Here is how I change this behavior:

gdb /usr/bin/vlc
(gdb) info functions
All defined functions:

Non-debugging symbols:
[...]
0x0000000000400f40  geteuid
[...]

Let's break in the function to get the effective user identity:

(gdb) break geteuid
Breakpoint 1 at 0x400f40

Let's start the program to run till the first breakpoint:

(gdb) run
Starting program: /usr/bin/vlc 

Breakpoint 1, 0x00007ffff71cfc70 in geteuid () from /lib64/libc.so.6

ok, let's trace the program one command at a time:

(gdb) stepi
0x00007ffff71cfc75 in geteuid () from /lib64/libc.so.6
(gdb) stepi
0x00007ffff71cfc77 in geteuid () from /lib64/libc.so.6
(gdb) 
0x0000000000401103 in ?? ()
(gdb) 
0x0000000000401105 in ?? ()
(gdb) 

Ok, let's look at this program part with a disassembler:

objdump -d -M intel /usr/bin/vlc
[...]
 4010f9:       e8 32 0a 00 00          call   401b30 <unsetenv>
 4010fe:       e8 3d fe ff ff          call   400f40 <geteuid@plt>
 401103:       85 c0                   test   eax,eax
 401105:       0f 84 04 06 00 00       je     40170f <fflush@plt+0x66f>
 40110b:       be ca 1f 40 00          mov    esi,0x401fca
 401110:       bf 06 00 00 00          mov    edi,0x6
[...]

Wow, it seems as if 4010fe calls geteuid, 401103 prepares a conditional jump and 401105 jumps if equal somewhere. So we call a hexeditor:

okteta /usr/bin/vlc

and replace

0f 84 04 06 00 00

by some instructions to wait:

90 90 90 90 90 90

When calling vlc now as root, it does not abort :)

Also, once the following worked:

sed -ir "s/\x0f\x84..../\x90\x90\x90\x90\x90\x90/g" vlc

See also