Find out a window's application
If you have a window on your desktop and you want to know which application it belongs to, open a console and enter the command
and click on the window you are interested in. You will get an output like
[...] WM_CLIENT_LEADER(WINDOW): window id # 0x3200001 _NET_WM_PID(CARDINAL) = 7661 WM_LOCALE_NAME(STRING) = "en_US.UTF-8" WM_CLIENT_MACHINE(STRING) = "tweedleburg" WM_NORMAL_HINTS(WM_SIZE_HINTS): program specified minimum size: 0 by 0 window gravity: NorthWest WM_PROTOCOLS(ATOM): protocols WM_DELETE_WINDOW, WM_TAKE_FOCUS, _NET_WM_PING, _NET_WM_SYNC_REQUEST WM_CLASS(STRING) = "Navigator", "Firefox" [...]
From this you can tell that the application identifies itself as "Navigator", "Firefox". If this is too unsure for you, have a look at the process ID PID, which is 7661 in the above example:
ps -A |grep 7661 7661 ? 01:00:53 firefox-bin
By this you see that the process that manages the Window is number 7661 and called firefox-bin.