Ping allows you to see if a computer is reachable via the network and to measure the network latency. You stop it with CTRL_C.
# ping 192.168.0.1 PING 192.168.0.1 (192.168.0.1) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 192.168.0.1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=1.19 ms 64 bytes from 192.168.0.1: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.417 ms 64 bytes from 192.168.0.1: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.382 ms
In this example we have a latency of below 1 milisecond and 192.168.0.1 is up
A broadcast ping can be described as a request "Anybody who hears this, please respond back". The problem is that you can configure computers to ignore these requests.
To tell your computer to answer on broadcast pings, open a console and issue:
echo "0" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts
To verify if your computer is set to answer on broadcast pings, issue:
In this case, the response
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 0
means it is set to answer broadcast pings.
To perform a broadcast ping,
- Find out the broadcast address of the network where you want to broadcast
ifconfig eth1 eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:1C:F0:BB:06:C8 inet addr:192.168.0.5 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 inet6 addr: fe80::21c:f0ff:febb:6c8/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:315742 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:297176 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:195071533 (186.0 Mb) TX bytes:41401952 (39.4 Mb) Interrupt:21 Base address:0x4000
- ping the broadcast IP
# ping -b 192.168.0.255 WARNING: pinging broadcast address PING 192.168.0.255 (192.168.0.255) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 192.168.0.5: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.039 ms
Broadcast ping does not work?
try nmap like this:
It will show you which IP addresses are active in the 192.168.0.* network.
The maximum transfer unit determines how big network packets can be. It can be set on the computer and on the network switch. The biggest packets that will be able to travers the internet are 1500 bytes in size. Jumbo-Frames are typically 9000 bytes of size. A good explanation can be found at http://www.dslreports.com/faq/695. Note that
ping -s 65000 192.168.0.1
is not sufficient to say if packets of 65000 bytes are possible. Better use
ping -M do -s 65000 192.168.0.1
Ping does not work
If you change a host's IP in /etc/hosts and this change is not reflected instantly by ping, restart the name service cache daemon:
and check /etc/nsswitch.conf