Difference between revisions of "LogIn shells"
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= See also =
= See also =
Revision as of 10:49, 12 January 2014
A login shell is a shell to which you log in via console or ssh. This is also true if you have not given your username and password due to passwordless login. If you change your user with the su or sux command, this is no login shell. If you log in using the display manager and start a shell, this is no log in shell. If you call bash -login, you are in a login shell (bash), although you did not login at all.
When you start a login shell, login-scripts will be started, and if you start a shell that is not a login shell, other scripts will be started.
What is a login shell
|you enter a computer with ssh, typing username and password||yes|
|you enter a computer with ssh using passwordless login||yes|
|you enter a computer by logging in to the Window Manager, using username and password. Then you open konsole by clicking on it.||no|
|you open a console and type su -, then password||yes|
|you open a console and type bash -||yes|
Here is an example showing which login process calls what scripts:
tweedleburg:~ # su - tstaerk This is /etc/profile.d/run-on-login-for-all-sh-users.sh This is /etc/bash.bashrc This is .bashrc this is .bash_profile tstaerk@tweedleburg:~> exit logout tweedleburg:~ # su tstaerk This is /etc/bash.bashrc This is .bashrc tstaerk@tweedleburg:/mnt/barracuda/root> exit exit tweedleburg:~ # ssh tstaerk@localhost Warning: untrusted X11 forwarding setup failed: xauth key data not generated Warning: No xauth data; using fake authentication data for X11 forwarding. Last login: Sun Jan 12 09:42:47 2014 from localhost Have a lot of fun... This is /etc/profile.d/run-on-login-for-all-sh-users.sh This is /etc/bash.bashrc This is .bashrc this is .bash_profile tstaerk@tweedleburg:~> cat /etc/motd Have a lot of fun... tstaerk@tweedleburg:~> exit
- sourced by .bashrc if it exists
- displayed as a greeting if it exists